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What is DHCP vs Static IP Address?

This tutorial will compare the difference between DHCP vs Static IP addressing. Dynamic (DHCP-enabled) IP addressing is when a client is configured to receive an IP address from a DHCP server. On the other hand, static IP configuration is when a specific IP is set for a client.

In this guide, you will learn:

  • What it means to enable Windows 10 for DHCP IP
  • What it means to set a static IP
  • The difference between DHCP vs Static IP configuration
  • How to Set a Static IP
  • How to Enable DHCP IP in Windows 10
  • Compare DHCP vs Static IP Addressing

What is DHCP vs Static IP Addressing?

The TCP/IPv4 or TCP/IPv6 of a Windows 10 client can be configured to receive an IP address from a DHCP Server. It may also be configured with a specific IP address.

Important Tip
DHCP means Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.

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DHCP vs Static IP - configure a Windows 10 computer to receive IP from a DHCP server

The image above is the TCP/IPv4 property of a network card. By selecting the option “Obtain an IP address automatically” you have configured the client for DHCP IP. In other words, you have set the computer to receive an IP address automatically from a DHCP server.

This is what is means to enable DHCP in a Window computer.

Instead of enabling DHCP, you can set a static IP for a computer.

DHCP vs Static IP: How to Set a Static IP vs How to Enable DHCP in Windows 10

From the image above, you see that I set a specific IP address for this device. This means that I have “set a static IP” address for this device.

How to Set a Static IP in Windows 10

To further understand the difference between static vs dynamic IP addressing, I will show you how to set each of them up. Lets start by setting up a computer with a static IP address.

Here are the steps to set a static IP in Windows 10:

  • From the search box on the task bar, type control panel. Then click Control Panel.
  • Click View network status and tasks.
  • Click Change adapter settings.
DHCP vs Static IP: How to Set a Static IP vs How to Enable DHCP in Windows 10
  • Double-click the adapter you wish to modify the IP address.
  • Then click Properties.
DHCP vs Static IP: How to Set a Static IP vs How to Enable DHCP in Windows 10
  • Next, highlight Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), then click Properties.

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  • Finally, select Use the following IP address. Then enter the IP Address, the Subnet mask and Default Gateway. Also, on the Use the following DNS Server addresses, enter the DNS server. To save your changes, click Ok.

How to Enable DHCP in Windows 10

Since the primary purpose of this tutorial is to compare static vs dynamic IP, I will now show you how to enable DHCP (configure dynamic IP address on a Windows 10 computer).

To configure DHCP in Windows 10, follow the steps below:

  • From the last image, instead of selecting Use the following IP address, select Obtain an IP address Automatically. Finally, to save your changes click Ok.

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Compare DHCP vs Static IP

In the last part of this tutorial, I will explore the differences between DHCP (Dynamic) vs Static IP. The table below explores the features of each. It also covers the benefits and disadvantages of each.

S/NFeature
DHCP (Dynamic) IP

Static IP
1IP Assignment
Done automaticallySet manually
2Possibility of IP ConflictIP conflict is almost impossible as assignment is managed via a DHCP Server
Possibility of conflict due to two computers having the same IP address is high
3IP Assignment TrackingAutomatic and dynamic. No need to track which computer has a specific IP address.Manual. You have to manually track and record which computer have been assigned a particular IP address to avoid duplicating the IP addresses.

There you have it – DHCP vs Static IP compared and configured!

If you have any question or comment, kindly use the “Leave a Reply” at the end of this tutorial.

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