Concatenate in Excel: How to Concatenate Columns and Strings



What is Concatenate in Excel?

Concatenate in Excel is joining two strings into one continuous string. You can join two strings using the CONCATENATE function or the “&” (ampersand) operator.

This guide shows how to use these two methods with examples.

How to Concatenate Columns in Excel

concatenate excel

The image above shows two columns, A and B. Column C shows how to concatenate the columns using CONCATENATE function. Column D shows how the columns are combined using the “&” (ampersand) Operator.

In this section, I will demonstrate how to combine column A and column B using CONCATENATE or “&” (ampersand) Operator.

How to Concatenate in Excel with the CONCATENATE Function

The syntax of CONCATENATE Function is:

CONCATENATE(text1, [text2], [text3])

text1, text2 and text3 are the different strings you wish to combine.


Refer to the image above. In this example, I want to combine cells A and B to form the sentence “The Number of cellA are cellB”. The formula for cell C4 is shown below:

=CONCATENATE("The Number of", " ",A4, " ", "are"," ", B4)

Concatenate in Excel using the CONCATENATE function is simply adding the strings you wish to combine within the bracket “()”. Each string is then followed by a comma (,).

To add an empty space, use ” ” – quote marks with space between them.

How to Concatenate in Excel with the “&” (ampersand) Operator

To concatenate with “&” (ampersand) Operator:

On the cell you want to combine the columns, enter the equal to sign (=), followed by “&”. Unlike in CONCATENATE, with ampersand (&) each value is separated by & instead of a comma (,).

Here is the formula for cell D4:

="The Number of" & " "  & A4 & " " & "are" &" " &B4

To add an empty space use double quotes with a space.

How to Concatenate in Excel (Adding Space, Comma and Other Characters)

In the last section I demonstrated how to concatenate two columns. In this section, I will demo how to add commas, spaces and other special characters.

If you have read this guide to this point, you will notice that when I included a text string or space, I used double quotes around them.

To add an empty space, simply include two quotes with a space, ” “. You can also use the same method to include a comma or any other character.

As an example, to combine the two texts below separated by a comma and a stop:

This is how you add, followed by this.

Use the CONCATENATE formula below:

=CONCATENATE("This is how you add",",", " ", "followed by this",".")

You can achieve the same result using the & operator formula shown below:

="This is how you add" & "," & " " & " " & "followed by this" & "."

Here are the results in Excel:

combine strings with CONCATENATE Function
combine strings with & operator

More Examples of Excel Concatenate

In the last section of this guide I will show one more example.

Refer to the image above. The worksheet contains products and their prices. In the example, I combined columns A and B in C with the formula below:

=CONCATENATE(A3, " ", TEXT(B3, "$#,#0.00"))

The cells are combined with CONCATENATE. But the second cell, B3 is formatted with the TEXT function. TEXT formats the numbers in column B to include the $ sign. It also adds 2 decimal places to the numbers.



Concatenate in Excel is very useful if you want to join 2 strings into 1. In this guide I have demonstrated different ways to do this. I hope you found it useful.

If you have any question or comment use the “Leave a Reply” form at the end of the page. You could also share your experience with Excel concatenate.

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